The manufacturing industry is rapidly exploring 5G technology, mainly to include uses such as artificial intelligence, such as closed-loop manufacturing, adaptive manufacturing, predictive analytics for maintenance, and training and security based on augmented reality (XR). says Jagadish. Dantuluri, general manager of private and dedicated networks at Keysight Technologies. “This is not a static assembly line that performs the same actions over and over again, but one that can change depending on their needs,” he says. “Private networks essentially allow us to create new business models in production.”

However, the benefits of private 5G networks go beyond production. Because the technology offers more reliable connectivity, higher data rates and less latency, as well as greater scalability, security and control of the network than previous communication technologies, private 5G networks will stimulate innovation in many industries and enterprises.

The benefits of private 5G networks

The private cellular network is built on the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standards defined (e.g., LTE or 5G), but it offers special local coverage. This is important for remote facilities where public networks do not exist, or where internal coverage is not reliable. The private network also makes exclusive use of available capacity; there is no dispute from other network users as in the public network. Private operators can also deploy their own security policies to authorize users, prioritize traffic, and most importantly, ensure that sensitive data does not leave the premises without authorization.

The special nature of 5G private networks combined with customized service, internal control and URLLC capabilities provides more reliable industrial wireless connectivity for a variety of applications, says Dantuluri: based on artificial intelligence and AR / VR-based design for outbound and remote workers, ”he explains. “In addition, low-cost connectivity makes it easy to deploy sensors in a variety of scenarios, allowing businesses to build innovative applications and collect real-time data.”

The industrial sector is moving towards large-scale digital transformation, and the integration of information technology (IT) systems with operational technology (OT) systems will accelerate this process. Digital technologies will also allow many new uses, such as automated production.

Private 5G allows the facility to sync and integrate tracking data into its workflow, allowing it to set up production lines in real time, Dantuluri says. “Because the assembly lines and infrastructure of the plant, such as robotic arms, stand-alone mobile robots (AMR), stand-alone controlled vehicles (AGVs) and sensors, are connected wirelessly, it is much easier to set up or move assembly elements on demand. This use option requires very reliable wireless communication and low latency coverage, as well as potentially high data rates on both uplink and downlink, and possibly support for time-sensitive networks (TSNs) in the future. This use case can only be achieved with private 5G networks ”.

Outside the industrial sector, private 5G networks allow the use of augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) mobile applications, which allow, for example, engineers to view superimposed drawings, soldiers to have displays, and businesses to hold virtual meetings. in the field or work remotely. “If the car needs to be repaired and the technician or factory worker has AR glasses, they can put technical information on the device in the real world to see what’s wrong,” says Dantuluri. “And the data center can send instructions on how to make repairs, step by step.”

As businesses realize the benefits of full, low latency, high bandwidth and secure connectivity, the use of private 5G networks will expand. By the end of 2024, analysts expect that investments in private 5G networks will amount to tens of billions of dollars. A separate analysis by research firm investment firm JP Morgan predicts that global capabilities for 5G will exceed $ 700 billion by 2030.

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